Although the start of the history of film is not clearly defined, the commercial, public screening of ten of Lumere brothers short films in Paris on 28 December 1895 can be regarded as the breakthrough of projected cinamatographic motion pictures. There had been earlier cinematographic results and screenings but these lacked either the quality or the momentum that propelled the cinématographe Lumière into a worldwide success.
Soon film production companies were established all over the world. The first decade of motion picture saw film moving from a novelty to an established mass entertainment industry.
New film techniques were introduced in this period including the use of artificial lighting, fire effects and low-key lightening (i.e. lighting in which most of the frame is dark) for enhanced atmosphere during sinister scenes. As films grew longer, specialist writers were employed to simplify more complex stories derived from novels or plays into a form that could be contained on one reel and be easier to be understood by the audience – an audience that was new to this form of storytelling. genres began to be used as categories; the main division was into comedy and drama but these categories were further subdivided. During the world’s first world war there was a complex transition for the film industry. The exhibition of films changed from short one-reel programs to feature films. Exhibition venues became larger and began charging higher prices. By 1914, continuity cinema was the established mode of commercial cinema. One of the advanced continuity techniques involved an accurate and smooth transition from one shot to another.
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