What humans were meant to be?

If we think of our purpose like, “Some time ago humans were born on earth, they were meant to live or survive by using their brain and their capability of uniting, by contributing and by serving other’s through which they could get other services from others”. You were meant to contribute something to the humanity, and success is how much you contribute. The bigger the contribution, the larger the success. Contributing doesn’t only mean doing work for others. There are some successful people like Steve Jobs who gave the world computers and helped the world innovate faster.

Then their is bill gates, he didn’t only help the world by microsoft, he also helped humanity by reducing a large amount of poverty and starvation and have done other big stuff in which he has contributed billions.

If your life impacts the humanity in a good way, then you are doing good in your life. The larger the impact, the better person you are.

You can contribute in the big projects which others are doing to make an impact on the lifestyles of the humanity world wide by just being an employ and having a sense of leadership in you, and aiming to make that project successful with your heart and soul.

What’s your big deal? How are you going to contribute? being rich or famous isn’t success, using that fame or money on making things right is success, because that’s what you were born for.

SUGGESTIONS

In the “Suggestions” section. I recommend you books, articles, videos, or movies on the topic we discuss above.

  1. The movie “Tomorrowland” is a great explanation of this.
  2. Robin Sharma’s book “The Leader who had no title” is also pretty good for it.

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Join Us On The Way To Success!

So, I am now launching a video section in Gegapedia which I call “Gegatube”. And I will be launching courses too!

I want you to be a part of us on the way to success. Register yourself on Gegapedia by simply filling the form below.

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ALIEN’S MEGASTRUCTURE FOUND IN SPACE!!!

On May 19, an urgent call went out to scientists around the world to turn as many telescopes as possible toward the star, to try and crack the mystery of its behavior.

“At about 4 a.m. this morning I got a phone call … that Fairborn [Observatory] in Arizona had confirmed that the star was 3 percent dimmer than it normally is,” Jason Wright, an associate professor of astronomy at Pennsylvania State University, who is managing a study of Boyajian’s star, said during a live webcast today at 2 p.m. EDT (1800 GMT). “That is enough that we are absolutely confident that this is no statistical fluke. We’ve now got it confirmed at multiple observatories, I think.”

Star KIC 8462852, or Boyajian’s star (also nicknamed “Tabby’s star,” for astronomer Tabetha Boyajian, who led the team that first detected the star’s fluctuations), has demonstrated an irregular cycle of growing dimmer and then returning to its previous brightness. These changes were first spotted in September 2015 using NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, which was built to observe these kinds of dips in a star’s brightness, because they can be caused by a planet moving in front of the star as seen from Earth.

But the brightness changes exhibited by Boyajian don’t show the kind of regularity that is typical of a planet’s orbit around its star, and scientists can’t see how the changes could be explained by a system of planets.

Scientists have hypothesized that the changes could be due to a swarm of comets passing in front of the star, that they’re the result of strong magnetic activity, or that it’s some massive structure built by aliens. But no leading hypothesis has emerged, so scientists have been eager to capture a highly detailed picture of the light coming from the star during one of these dimming periods. This detailed view is what scientists typically call an object spectra. It can reveal, for example, the specific chemical elements that are in a gas. It can also tell scientists if an object is moving toward or away from the observer.

Whatever’s causing the star to get dimmer will leave a spectral fingerprint behind,” Wright said during the webcast, which took place in the Breakthrough Listen laboratory  at the University of California, Berkeley. “So if there is a lot of dust between us and the star … it will block more blue light than red light. If there is gas in that dust, that gas should absorb very specific wavelengths and we should be able to see that. And so, we’ve been eager to see one of these changes in one of these dips of the star so we can take some spectra.”

But the scientists couldn’t predict when the next dimming event would occur or how long it will last. (Dips detected by Kepler lasted for between two and seven days, according to Wright.) Professional-grade telescopes typically schedule observing time weeks or months in advance, so Wright and his colleagues knew their observations would have to come at the behest of colleagues who were already using the telescopes for other projects.

“We need to have a network of people around the world that are ready to jump on [and observe it],” Wright said. “Fortunately, Tabby’s star is not too faint and so there are a lot of observers and telescopes … that have graciously agreed to take some time out of their science to grab a spectrum for us.

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5 Horrible effects of mobile phones

1.Teen Tendonitis (TTT):

What is the impact of mobile phones on young people’s social life? Teenagers are totally addicted to texting. Excess messaging can lead to Teen Tendonitis (TTT). It can cause pain in the hands, back and neck due to poor posture. It can also lead to impaired vision and even arthritis down the line.

2. Sleep Loss:

Most of the teens keep their cell phones nearby while sleeping to respond to texts and calls. They feel pressurized to remain reachable around the clock. It leads to sleep interruption and disruption. Teens also become irritable when they are sleep deprived. It drains your mental abilities and puts your physical health at real risk. Science has linked poor slumber with all kinds of health problems, from weight gain to a weakened immune system.

3. Accidents

Using your mobile phones while driving is very common these days but it causes much accidents and deaths. The National Safety Council reports that cell phone use while driving leads to 1.6 million crashes each year. Nearly 390,000 injuries occur each year from accidents caused by texting while driving. 1 out of every 4 car accidents in the United States is caused by texting and driving. So be careful !

4. Causes Cancer

  1. Cell phones emit radiofrequency energy (radio waves), a form of non-ionizing radiation, from their antennas. Tissues nearest to the antenna can absorb this energy.
  2. The number of cell phone users has increased rapidly. As of December 2014, there were more than 327.5 million cell phone subscribers in the United States, according to the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association. This is a nearly threefold increase from the 110 million users in 2000. Globally, the number of subscriptions is estimated by the International Telecommunications Union to be 5 billion.
  3. Over time, the number of cell phone calls per day, the length of each call, and the amount of time people use cell phones have increased. However, improvements in cell phone technology have resulted in devices that have lower power outputs than earlier models.

5. Causes Anxiety

Spending too much time on your phone may be causing you to feel stress and anxiety, experts are warning.

“The more people use their phone,” Dr. Nancy Cheever, who spearheaded research on the relationship between cellphone use and anxiety at California State University, Dominguez Hills, told ABC News, “the more anxious they are about using their phone.”

Cheever’s research suggests that phone-induced anxiety operates on a positive feedback loop, saying that phones keep us in a persistent state of anxiety and the only relief from this anxiety is to look at our phones.

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5 Proofs of Aliens

In “The Day the Earth Stood Still,” a remake of the 1951 science-fiction classic, an alien named Klaatu (played by Keanu Reeves, right) visits Earth to save us humans from ourselves. The story is a work of science fiction, with the emphasis on fiction, says Seth Shostak, a senior astronomer at the SETI Institute and a technical adviser on the film. For example, to be able to detect a dangerous buildup of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere and come save us from global warming, an alien that could travel at light speed would have to reside no more than about 50 light-years away. “I doubt that there are any aliens that close,” Shostak says. And even if there are, “they might not care about our problems.”




With so many stars, alien life is probable

Shostak notes that there is no direct proof for any life beyond Earth, but the universe is home to a lot of stars. And as research over the past decade has shown, perhaps at least 50 percent of those stars harbor planets. Shostak estimates there are 1 trillion planets in the Milky Way alone. “Surely some of them have undergone what Earth has undergone and developed life, and eventually what we call sentient life,” he says. The argument, he notes, is simply one of probability. “If we are the only intelligent beings in the galaxy, or for that matter in the universe, then we are truly a miracle,” he says. This image from the Hubble Space Telescope shows a cluster of young stars in the Milky Way.




Water worlds abound in our solar system

Water is a key ingredient for life as we know it. And liquid water, it turns out, is fairly common in our local solar system. For example, evidence is mounting that liquid water may flow underneath the surface of Mars. Europa, a moon of Jupiter, appears to have a liquid ocean. So too might the Jovian moons Callisto and Ganymede. Saturn’s moons Titan and Enceladus, shown here, may be watery. Even Venus might have a bit of liquid water in its atmosphere. “There you already have seven other worlds that might have liquid water, just in our backyard. So that’s kind of encouraging news,” Shostak says.




Life thrives in extreme environments

Almost everywhere scientists go on Earth, they find life: the cold, dark depths of the oceans; snuggled up to piping-hot hydrothermal vents; buried under the Antarctic ice; and in South America’s parched Atacama Desert. “Life can adapt to really tough conditions and, of course, most of the universe is going to be filled with habitats that are tough,” Shostak says. For example, Mars is a harsh environment, but some of the microbes found on Earth, including the one shown here found deep in a mine, could survive beneath the surface of the Red Planet, he notes. These findings of so-called extremophiles have allowed scientists to scale back their list of requirements for extraterrestrial life. “We just say it has to have some liquid water, and maybe that’s it,” Shostak says.




E.T. might be calling from afar

Shostak and his colleagues at the SETI Institute frequently harness some of the world’s largest radio telescopes to home in on distant stars for a telltale signal of alien communications. Although their searches have raised a few alarms, the signals have been dismissed as human-caused interference, such as noise from a passing satellite. Contact remains elusive. Undaunted, the scientists keep searching. Meanwhile, a signal detected on Aug. 15, 1977, during a search with Ohio State University’s Big Ear Observatory, continues to pique interest because it has never been explained. “It was impressive enough to encourage the astronomer who found it to write ‘Wow!’ on the printout,” says Shostak. Follow-up experiments to detect it again, however, have failed. “You can say it was E.T. and then he went off the air.




Some see evidence that ‘aliens’ have visited

Somewhere around half the people in the U.S. believe that aliens have already visited us. To back their claims, witnesses have presented snapshots of flying saucers and debris from crash landings. None of the evidence, however, convinces Shostak. Nor does he buy into theories that the world’s governments are coordinated and efficient enough to collectively keep what would be the world’s biggest secret. “That’s hard for me to believe,” he says. Such doubt does little to stop the tide of tourists coming to places such as Roswell, N.M., the site of a purported UFO crash more than 60 years ago. This fake alien at a museum is a commonly photographed attraction.

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strongest creature on earth

Tardigrade, also called water bear or moss piglet, any of more than 1,100 species of free-living tiny invertebrates belonging to the phylum Tardigrada. They are considered to be close relatives of arthropods (e.g., insects, crustaceans). Tardigrades are mostly about 1 mm or less in size. They live in a variety of habitats worldwide: in damp moss, on flowering plants, in sand, in fresh water, and in the sea. In adapting to this wide range of external conditions, a large number of genera and species have evolved.




Tardigrades have a well-developed head region and a short body composed of four fused segments, with each segment bearing a pair of short, stout, unjointed limbs generally terminated by several sharp claws. The animals have no known specialized organs of circulation or respiration; the tardigrade’s body cavity is filled with fluid that transports blood and oxygen (the latter of which diffuses through the animal’s integument and is stored in cells within the hemocoel). The alimentary canal traverses the body from end to end.







The most remarkable feature of the tardigrades is their ability to withstand extremely low temperatures and desiccation (extreme drying). Under unfavourable conditions, they go into a state of suspended animation called the “tun” state—in which the body drys out and appears as a lifeless ball (or tun). In this state their metabolism may decline to as little as 0.01 percent of its normal rate. Tardigrades can survive as tuns for years, or even decades, to wait out dry conditions.




In addition, specimens kept for eight days in a vacuum, transferred for three days into helium gas at room temperature, and then exposed for several hours to a temperature of −272 °C (−458 °F) came to life again when they were brought to normal room temperature. Sixty percent of specimens kept for 21 months in liquid air at a temperature of −190 °C (−310 °F) also revived. Tardigrades are easily distributed by wind and water while in the tun state.

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5 people with real superpowers

Did you know that people with real superpowers actually exist? People who possess incredible sight, stamina, and durability. But that’s not all. Some even possess the ability to project energy, have an uncanny memory, and even employ X-ray vision! So if you’ve ever wished you could have superpowers similar to Superman, the Hulk, Wolverine, or any other awesome superhero, guess what, its possible (sort of).

1.Garry Turner, Super stretch abilities

There’s a wide array of elastic superheroes—with Mr. Fantastic being the most famous—capable of transforming their rubbery bodies into any number of shapes. The real-world equivalent of Mr. Fantastic is Garry Turner, who can stretch and manipulate his skin in a number of extremely unsettling ways because his skin doesn’t contain the right amount of collagen.




3. Al Herpin, Sleeplessness

After a few days without sleep an average human being will probably collapse, but this wasn’t the case for Al Herpin who apparently did not sleep during his ninety-four years of life. Even though the supposed cause is unknown, some scientists believe that his sleep deprivation was linked to his mother suffering a major injury a few days prior to his birth. He’s remembered even today as the “man who never slept.”




4. Liew Thow Lin, “Magnetism”

Liew Thow Lin is known as the “Magnetic Man” of Malaysia because of his incredible ability to stick metal objects to his body. After a detailed medical study, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) lecturer Nasrul Humaimi Mahmood claims that this extraordinary ability is probably associated with suction properties in his skin.

5. Tim Cridland, super heailng

Tim Cridland is known worldwide for his demonstrations that involve pushing large skewers through his body, directly through deep muscle tissue, without feeling pain, without losing any blood, and rapidly healing.

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Dog with human’s face

It’s cute when animals think they’re people, hopping in front of your computer or watching the television with rapt interest. But when an animal’s face actually resembles a person’s, the effect can be pretty creepy.

Chantal Desjardin shared a photo of her dogs on Facebook, and one of her friends pointed out something she had never noticed before. Yogi, her 1-year-old Shih-poo, has an incredibly human-like face, with striking soulful eyes. One friend commented, “The one on the left looks like a man and I can’t stop staring.” In the replies, her friends freaked out, debating whether or not the image had been Photoshopped, or put through a ‘face swap’ filter. But Chantal says the pictures have “not been Photoshopped at all.”

Chantal’s “friend’s brother” uploaded the photo to Reddit, where it went viral, getting over 19,000 upvotes. In the comments, everyone agreed the dog’s bizarre, human-like features were uniquely captivating. Yogi’s not just a good boy. He’s a good man. It’s cute, but unsettling, producing an “uncanny valley” effect. (The uncanny valley concept describes our strange revulsion to things that appear almost, but not exactly like real human beings.)

“Wtf he has the most human eyes I’ve seen on a dog”

“This is the most disturbing thing I’ve ever seen”

“the more i stare at the dog the more I’m seeing my own face….this is creeping me out… like looking into my soul weird”

“100% reincarnation”

“I laughed, then I got uncomfortable, now I’m rocking back and forth desperately trying to convince myself it’s just a face swap”

“It looks like Nicolas Cage dressed as an Ewok.”

alt Credit: Chantal Desjardin

Yogi’s features look especially human in the photo next to Chantal’s other dog, Darla, an 8-year-old Shih Tzu. Darla looks like she wants to play fetch, while Yogi looks like he just got back from a long day at the office. “Yogi” is an appropriate name, though, since of the definitions is “a markedly reflective or mystical person.” And another definition of ‘yogi’ is “a person who practices yoga.” I would not be surprised if that dog did yoga.

Dog human Face Credit: Chantal Desjardin

In an interview, Chantal said that although Yogi looks stoic in the photos, he’s actually a “hyper puppy” who “always wants to cuddle and play.” Many people have called the dog creepy, due to its “uncanine valley effect,” but she just sees him as cute. And now he’s famous. Maybe Yogi will become the next celebrity animal, like Lil’ Bub, a cat that was born with a multitude of a genetic anomalies and will remain kitten-sized for the rest of her life. After her photos went viral, Lil Bub appeared on TV shows, was featured in a documentary and even starred in a video game. (Not to mention all the merchandise.) Well, if Yogi gets famous, he definitely looks mature enough to handle it.

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Get rid of mosquitoes forever

1. Wear chemical mosquito repellent

Keeping mosquitoes away from your body is the best way to avoid getting bitten. Use insect repellent on uncovered skin surfaces and on your clothing when you’re outdoors, especially during the day. When using sunscreen, apply it before insect repellent.

  • Repellents containing 30% to 50% DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) are the most popular type of repellents, and are recommended for adults and children over 2 months of age and are effective for several hours. Repellents with lower amounts of DEET offer shorter-term protection and must be applied more often.
  • Repellents containing up to 15% picaridin, which must be applied often, are available in the US. Picaridin is odorless, has a pleasant feel, and doesn’t plasticize like DEET. Studies have shown it to be as fully repellent to mosquitoes as DEET and can also be applied on infants as young as 2 months.
  • Protect infants less than 2 months of age by using a carrier draped with mosquito netting with an elastic edge for a tight fit rather using a repellent.

2. Wear loose, full coverage clothing

Long-sleeved shirts and long pants will help to protect you from mosquitoes when you’re outdoors. Covering your skin is a key approach to repelling mosquitoes.

  • Clothing may also be sprayed with repellent containing permethrin or another EPA-registered repellent for greater protection. Do not use permethrin directly on your skin.
  • Avoid wearing heavy, dark clothing in warm weather. Mosquitoes are attracted to warm bodies, so staying cool is an effective way to avoid bites. They also appear to like black, blue and red the most.
  • Don’t wear scent when outdoors during mosquito season. Mosquitoes are attracted to sweat, but the act of sweating can mask more effective attractors of mosquitoes, such as perfumes.

3. Put out a dish of soapy water

If you’re having an outdoor meal, you can keep mosquitoes away by placing a dish of water with some dish soap in a discreet place nearby. The mosquitoes will be attracted to the water source, and they’ll get trapped in the soap bubbles and drown.

4. Grow some garlic in your yard

Eating garlic daily to repel mosquitoes has not been proven effective in scientific studies, but, some people believe it has an impact when used as a barrier. Since garlic is delicious, it can’t hurt to grow it, but don’t rely on it as the only source of repelling the pests.

  • Plant garlic around your house to repel mosquitoes. It can be integrated around your house, on a balcony, etc.
  • Garlic powder from your local grocer sprinkled all through your yard may create a mosquito repellent. Sprinkle a little extra thickly around the patio and porch areas. This may protect pets from being bitten if they sleep in that area.

5. Dump or flush out any stagnant 

Mosquitoes are often attracted to water, especially standing water. Examples of mosquito breeding grounds include old tires, driveway puddles, clogged gutters, unfiltered fish ponds, empty flowerpots, and any item that can hold water for more than a few days at a time.

  • Use a push broom to distribute the water for small puddles on hard surfaces. Use a siphon pump for larger puddles.
  • If you’re inundated by mosquitoes due to standing water from street curbs, drainage ditches or other pools you cannot control, call the responsible public authority to explain that you believe the water has become a mosquito breeding source.
  • If it is not possible to remove particular water source, place some Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (BTI) dunks/granules into the water. BTI is a species of bacteria that functions as a larvicide and will kill mosquito larvae for as long as a month, in addition to being safe and non-toxic to children/pets.

Maintain water features and swimming pools

If you have a koi pond or swimming pool that doesn’t see much use, it may become a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Do yourself and your neighbors a favor by doing regular maintenance to keep the water fresh and flowing.

  • Cut back vegetation from around your pond or other water features.
  • If you have a birdbath or another small source of water, change the water frequently or agitate it so mosquitoes won’t lay eggs there.
  • Treat your pool with the proper chemicals to make it uninhabitable for mosquitoes.

Superpowes that we actually have

There is one thing that almost everyone wishes they had. Yes, a billion dollars would qualify, but that isn’t what we’re talking about. No, we’re talking about something that can make us feel invincible…

Superpowers

Wouldn’t you love to be able to fly? So fast that you could travel from New York to Washington in less than 10 minutes, enjoying the wind blowing through your hair? Don’t you want to disappear somewhere and appear somewhere else whenever you want? In Harry Potter, this is known as “disapparition”, but would it ever be possible in the real world? Don’t you want to be as agile and powerful as Captain America? Who wouldn’t?

However, what if I told you that you already have plenty of superpowers?

Yes, I know that it may sound crazy, but it’s true. Although you don’t have any of the superpowers mentioned above (sadly), you do have some other rather impressive abilities.

What is a superpower? A superpower is when someone does something that is far beyond the natural capacity of one’s body and mind. All humans, under certain extreme conditions, can do things that they could never do under normal circumstances. Let’s take a quick look at some of the superpowers that we all have, so we can finally stop being so jealous of all those superheroes in the blockbuster movies every summer!

1. The ability to lift extremely heavy weights:

Normally, you wouldn’t be able to able to lift a car, but when a desperate situation calls for action, some people have been known to lift very heavy things, thanks toAdrenaline is a hormone produced by the adrenal glands in high-stress or exciting situations. Therefore, when the situation calls for it, such as when you need to save a loved one from certain death, one can heave a weight as heavy as a car, which would be impossible in any other situation.




2. The super-bite

A human’s ability to bite can be more powerful than a gorilla’s, for a given size of object. This is due to the way in which our jaw muscles are designed.




 

3. Self-healing of the liver

The ability of the liver to regenerate a damaged section of itself is quite remarkable. It takes roughly 2 months for the liver to do this important regenerative work on itself and grow back to its normal size. It is the only organ in the human body that has such an impressive regenerative power.

 

Possibilities of end of the world

Are we in danger of being erased from the universe? Here we look at the factors that could doom humanity: natural disasters, human-triggered cataclysms, willful self-destruction, and greater forces directed against us.

We’ve had a good run of it. In the 500,000 years Homo sapiens has roamed the land we’ve built cities, created complex languages, and sent robotic scouts to other planets. It’s difficult to imagine it all coming to an end. Yet 99 percent of all species that ever lived have gone extinct, including every one of our hominid ancestors. In 1983, British cosmologist Brandon Carter framed the “Doomsday argument,” a statistical way to judge when we might join them. If humans were to survive a long time and spread through the galaxy, then the total number of people who will ever live might number in the trillions. By pure odds, it’s unlikely that we would be among the very first hundredth of a percent of all those people. Or turn the argument around: How likely is it that this generation will be the one unlucky one? Something like one fifth of all the people who have ever lived are alive today. The odds of being one of the people to witness doomsday are highest when there is the largest number of witnesses around—so now is not such an improbable time.

1. Global warming

The mother of all apocalyptic fears, climate change is the biggest threat facing the planet, many scientists say. Climate change could make extreme weather more severe, increase droughts in some areas, change the distribution of animals and diseases across the globe, and cause low-lying areas of the planet to be submerged in the wake of rising sea levels. The cascade of changes could lead to political instability, severe drought, famine, ecosystem collapse and other changes that make Earth a decidedly inhospitable place to live.

2. Asteroid!

It’s the mainstay of disaster movies, but scientists are legitimately worried that a space rock could wipe out Earth. A meteor impact probably doomed the dinosaurs, and in the Tunguska event, a massive meteoroid damaged about 770 square miles (2,000 square kilometers) of the Siberian forest in 1908. Even more frightening, perhaps, is that astronomers only know about a fraction of the space rocks lurking in the solar system.

3. Nuclear war

Many scientists are still worried about the classic end-of-the-world threat: global nuclear war. Beyond North Korean leader Kim Jong Un’s saber rattling and Iran’s secretive nuclear efforts, massive stockpiles of nuclear weapons around the globe could wreak destruction if they were to get into the wrong hands. Last year, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, a nontechnical magazine on global security founded in 1945 by former Manhattan project physicists, moved the Doomsday Clock, at five minutes to midnight. The Doomsday Clock shows how close humanity is to destruction via nuclear or biological weapons or global climate change.

4. Robot ascension

“The Terminator” may be science fiction, but killing machines are not far from reality. The United Nations recently called for a ban on killer robots — presumably because experts worried that several countries were developing them.

Many computer scientists think the singularity, the point at which artificial intelligence overtakes human intelligence, is near. Whether those robots will be benevolent helpers or the scourge of humanity is still up for debate. But a lot can go wrong when there are hyperintelligent robots armed with lethal weapons running around.

8. Overpopulation

The fear of an overpopulated globe has been around since the 18th century, when Thomas Malthus predicted that population growth would cause mass starvation and overtax the planet. With the global population at 7 billion and counting, many conservationists think population growth is one of the key threats to the planet. Of course, not everyone agrees: Many think population growth will stabilize in the next 50 years, and that humanity will innovate its way out of the negative consequences of the overcrowding that does occur.

5 Animals going to be extinct

Every day, species around the planet are going extinct. And for each species that goes extinct, many more become and remain endangered due to habitat loss, poaching, and climate change.

Here are 5 species at risk of extinction, including some that you probably didn’t even know existed:

1.Pika

Ili pika (Ochontana iliensis) is a small mammal (only 7-8 inches long) that’s native to the Tianshan mountain range of the remote Xinjiang region of China. Living on sloping bare rock faces and feeding on grasses at high elevations, this little creature is very rare — there are less than 1,000 left.

The species was only discovered in 1983, but its numbers have declined by almost 70% since then, reports CNN. This is because the mammal’s habitat is being affected by climate change. Rising temperatures have forced the pikas to retreat up into the mountain tops. In addition, grazing pressure from livestock and air pollution have likely contributed to their decline.

2. Amur Leopard

The solitary Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) is one of the world’s most endangered wild cats. It has a thick y

ellow or rusty orange coat with long dense hair, and can weigh up to 120 pounds. It can leap more than 19 feet, and it can run at speeds up to 37 miles per hour.

It’s now found only in the Amur River basin of eastern Russia, having already gone extinct from China and the Korean Peninsula.

3. Sumatran Rhinoceros

As the only Asian rhino with two horns, the Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is the smallest of the rhino family, living in isolated pockets of dense mountain forests in Malaysia, Indonesia and possibly Myanmar (Burma). They are recognizable because they are covered in long hair, which helps keep mud caked to their body to cool them and protect them from insects.

4. White-rumped vulture

One of three critically endangered species of vulture, the white-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) has suffered what the IUCN classifies as a “catastrophic decline” across the Indian subcontinent, to the point that it is highly threatened with extinction. Over 99% of its population has been wiped out since the 1980s, making it the fastest decline of any bird species in recorded history, according to Mother Nature Network.

5.Pangolin

Found in forests and grasslands, pangolins are solitary, nocturnal creatures with scales covering their bodies and long sticky tongues to slurp up ants and termites. They are about the size of a house cat, and look a little bit like artichokes on legs. When frightened, they defend themselves by rolling up into a ball.

These critters, found in Asia and Africa, are endangered because they are increasingly the victims of wildlife crime for their meat and scales. In fact, according to CNN, they are believed to be the most trafficked mammal in the world. It is estimated that 100,000 are captured every year.

5 AMAZING THINGS FOR EARTH DAY

Earth is the name of the planet on which we human beings are living. Earth is 4.543 billion years old, which means that since 4.5 billion years earth have been living on earth. There is a day which is specially for our planet earth. This day is called “The Earth Day” which is celebrated on 22 April.

As you know that earth is in great danger because of many reasons which are caused by humans. One of the biggest reason is global warrming which is due to the lack of trees. We can do many things in order to save our earth:

 

1. PLANTING TREES

                                  This is a very easy step to reduce global warming. So on earth day plant atleast one tree, if every person on earth plants only one tree then there would be more than 7 billion trees on earth which can reduce a large amount of environmental pollution and global warming. As the trees provide us Oxygen, there could be lack of oxygen in future due to the lack of trees. plant trees as much as you can so that humans could be saved from extinction. Planting trees is the duty of every person living on earth. Some environmental benefits of oxygen are following:
  • Trees offer many environmental benefits.
  • Trees reduce the urban heat island effect through evaporative cooling and reducing the amount of sunlight that reaches parking lots and buildings. This is especially true in areas with large impervious surfaces, such as parking lots of stores and industrial complexes.
  • Trees improve our air quality by filtering harmful dust and pollutants such as ozone, carbon monoxide, and sulfur dioxide from the air we breathe.
  • Trees give off oxygen that we need to breathe.
  • Trees reduce the amount of storm water runoff, which reduces erosion and pollution in our waterways and may reduce the effects of flooding.
  • Many species of wildlife depend on trees for habitat. Trees provide food, protection, and homes for many birds and mammals.

2. SHOP WISELY

There are many harmful effects of plastic bags on our earth. Polyethylene bags are the most common plastic bags. These bags are made from crude oil and natural gas according to the New York Times. Both oil and gas are nonrenewable energy sources, meaning they are in limited supply. The mining and manufacturing process of fossil fuels creates pollution.

Estimates of the number of plastic bags used around the world each year vary in range from 100 million to a trillion according to a New York Times article. Since only a small portion of these bags is recycled, many plastic bags are left to enter the waste stream. The bags will likely take about 1,000 years to decompose. Because such a large number of bags are produced and it takes a long time for them to decompose, the plastic bags that are thrown away create a lot of waste in the landfills on top of the trash that may be inside of them. Plastic bags in the water may get wrapped around marine animals. Sea turtles sometimes swallow plastic bags because they resemble jellyfish. The plastic bags may make the animals suffocate or starve to death.

 

3. LESS USE OF WATER

70 percent of the earth is covered with water. Without water there would be no creature living on earth. Due to impurities added by humans in water are reducing the amount of drinking water. It is estimated that till 2050 there would be lack of drinking water in many countries. Humans are responsible for this so we should take step to save water on earth.

1. Shower Bucket. Instead of letting the water pour down the drain, stick a bucket under the faucet while you wait for your shower water to heat up. You can use the water for flushing the toilet or watering your plants.

2.  Turn off the tap while brushing your teeth. Water comes out of the average faucet at 2.5 gallons per minute. Don’t let all that water go down the drain while you brush! Turn off the faucet after you wet your brush, and leave it off until it’s time to rinse.

3. Turn off the tap while washing your hands. Do you need the water to run while you’re scrubbing your hands? Save a few gallons of water and turn the faucet off after you wet your hands until you need to rinse.

4. If it’s yellow, let it mellow. This tip might not be for everyone, but the toilet is one of the most water-intensive fixtures in the house. Do you need to flush every time?

5. Fix your leaks. Whether you go DIY or hire a plumber, fixing leaky faucets can mean big water savings

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4. Welcome animals into your yard

You can do a lot for the creatures of the earth starting in your own yard or neighborhood. In their quest for the perfect lawn, many people drive out the insects, rodents, birds and reptiles that need a place to call home just as much as we do. Starting on Earth Day, why not welcome these nonhuman neighbors into your yard? Here’s how to do it.

    • Instead of mowing the entire yard, leave a few sections unmowed. Bees, butterflies, and many other insects will find this inviting. If you’re worried about them coming inside, have the unmowed area in the back of the yard instead of right next to the house.
    • Install a bird feeder, bat feeder, squirrel feeder, hummingbird feeder, or any other type of feeder to attract more wild animals.
    • Provide a source of water, like a bird bath or a small pond.
    • Don’t try to get rid of snakes, lizards, frogs, moles, squirrels, and the other creatures who want to hang out in your yard. Many of these animals are beneficial; they aerate your yard, eat mosquitoes and improve biodiversity in the area. Live and let live. Tell your neighbors to do the same!



5. CELEBRATE EARTH DAY

After all it is a celebration so celebrate it by making differant dishes at your home and by inviting your friends and relatives at your home.

Anything to help our environment is a perfect thing to do on Earth Day and every day. Don’t restrict yourself to just one day a year; learn about how you can make a difference to environmental protection all the time. It’s going to take a lot of work to heal our planet. Leading by example will help others remember that the earth is important every day of the year.

HAVE FUN

HAPPY EARTH DAY!

WORLD’S LARGEST SPIDER

If you shriek in fear at the sight of the tiniest of spiders, you may want to avoid the rainforests of Suriname,Guyana, northern Brazil and southern Venezuela, where the Goliath birdeater dwells! Listed in the Guinness World Records as the world’s biggest spider, the terrifying-looking arachnid weighs a hefty six ounces, (almost the same weight as a newborn puppy), and has a leg span that extends out 11-inches (the size of a child’s forearm).

The giant terrestrial creatures that belong to the Tarantula family, live inside deep burrows in marshy or swampy areas are nocturnal and take between 3 to 6 years to mature. Though the males die soon after, females can live for up to 25 years.

And while they are known as “birdeaters”, the arachnids feed largely on earthworms, frogs and any other insects they come across. But according to Piotr Naskrecki, entomologist and photographer at Harvard University’s Museum of Comparative Zoology, it is not because they are are unable to kill birds, but only because the spiders rarely encounter them on the ground when they come out to feed at night. According to the expert, the spiders have been known to kill chicks and even puncture eggs and drink the contents, if they stumble upon a nest.

Clearly, this spider is no gentle giant, but a vicious creepy-crawly. According to Naskrecki who has encountered them three times, it makes a distinct clicking sound as it stomps around looking for prey amongst the leaf litter in the darkness of the night

Goliath Birdeaters defend themselves from predators in one of three ways. It begins by making hissing sounds similar to the sound of Velcro being pulled apart. If that does not scare them away, the spider releases clouds of tiny barbed hairs that pierce the eyes and mucous membrane of the enemy causing extreme pain and itching for many days. For those that refuse to budge, the fearsome creature pulls out its last line of defense – two-inch long fangs that are strong enough to pierce a mouse’s skull. What’s worse is that the fearsome creatures are difficult to maim or kill thanks to their ability to regenerate damaged or lost limbs, throughout their lives.

MOSQUITOES ARE MUCH BETTER IN LEARNING





This killer insect has a nasty reputation for spreading the disease around the globe, prompting what some have called The War on Mosquitoes. A recent experiment could be a turning point in this battle, as it equips us with a surprising and potentially revolutionary weapon – the ability to train mosquitoes

According to a study published in Current Biology, when you slap at a mosquito that is about to bite you, it learns to associate your personal scent with that life-threatening experience and will avoid you in the future.

This is the first demonstration showing that mosquitoes are able to both learn and remember.

As described by Jeff Riffell, the study’s lead researcher and University of Washington neuroecologist, in an interview with National Geographic, “They’re essentially Pavlov’s mosquitoes.”

He is referring to the famous experiment in which dogs are trained to salivate on command, which is comparable to mosquitoes being trained to avoid certain humans.

Mosquitoes don’t bite at random. They are drawn to specific scents which are more alluring than others. The human scent, generally speaking, is particularly attractive to mosquitoes.

But, when a person slaps at a mosquito, they usually create small vibrations on the skin that interrupt the insect’s attempt to bite.

In this study, the researchers recreated these vibrations in 20-minute sessions and found that, when the mosquito bite was disturbed by these vibrations, the insect avoided that scent for up to 24 hours.

This level of effectiveness was even likened to publicly-available insect repellent that contains DEET.

While there is still a great leap between this research and an improved method for combating mosquito-transmitted illnesses, Walter Leal, who studies human-mosquito interactions at the University of California, Davis, but is not an author of this study, is optimistic.

He stated to National Geographic that “Now that we know that some compounds trigger this memory of avoidance, one could possibly use a formulation that not only includes an active repellent, like DEET but also includes some compound that would trigger the memory of avoidance.”

largest waves ever recorded !





The biggest, baddest waves aren’t born that way. Winds at sea generate waves that average ten feet high; during storms, 30-footers are common. But what creates waves the size of office buildings, including the ones big-wave surfers covet and coastal dwellers fear? In a word, land. A wave approaching a shoreline meets shallower and shallower water, slowing the wave’s leading edge. Now much of the energy that had been propelling the wave forward has nowhere to go but up, so the wave grows taller. Unlike the waves we enjoy at the beach, tsunami waves don’t break because they don’t get steep enough. Energy distributed throughout the water column and wavelengths extending a hundred miles give them frightening stability. They arrive as towering, surging masses.

1. 100 feet
An earthquake followed by a landslide in 1958 in Alaska’s Lituya Bay generated a wave 100 feet high, the tallest tsunami ever documented. When the wave ran ashore, it snapped trees 1,700 feet upslope. Five deaths were recorded, but property damage was minimal because there were few cities or towns nearby.

2. 84 feet
Until 1995, most scientists dismissed sudden, unexpected swells known as rogue waves as maritime myth. But on New Year’s Day of that year, a monitoring platform off Norway’s coast recorded a single 84-foot wave surrounded by 20-footers. The simplest explanation for these monsters is that two or more waves meet and align in such a way that their crests combine into one much larger crest.

3. 78 feet
Garrett McNamara holds the record for the largest wave ever surfed, set in 2011 in Nazare, Portugal. Last year he claimed to have surfed a 100-footer also at Nazare, but the height hasn’t been confirmed.

4. 50 feet
The Indian Ocean tsunami ten years ago traveled at speeds reaching 500 miles per hour and barged up to a mile inland. It killed some 200,000 people, making it the deadliest wave known.

5. 30 feet
The Banzai Pipeline in Oahu, Hawaii, gets our vote for the most dangerous surf wave. It tosses boarders directly into a shallow reef. At least ten people are believed to have died there.

6. 29 feet
As the tide comes in on Hangzhou, China, a wave called the Silver Dragon travels up the Qiantang River, opposite the direction of the river’s flow. This tidal bore is largest in September.

WORLD’S SMALLEST BIRD FOUND!





There are many tipes of creatures living on our earth like insects, plants, animals, humans and birds. Birds have many differant types, some are big and some are small, some are fast and some are slow, some can fly and some can not fly. Here we are going to discuss about the smallest bird living on the earth which is the bee humming bird.

THE BEE HUMMINGBIRD

The bee hummingbird is the smallest living bird. Females weigh 2.6 g (0.092 oz) and are 6.1 cm (2.4 in) long, and are slightly larger than males, with an average weight of 1.95 g (0.069 oz) and length of 5.5 cm (2.2 in). As its name suggests, it is scarcely larger than a bee. Like all hummingbirds, it is a swift, strong flier.

The male has a green pileum and fiery red throat, iridescent gorget with elongated lateral plumes, bluish upper parts, and the rest of the underparts mostly greyish white. The male is smaller than the female. The female is green above, whitish below, with white tips to the outer tail feathers. Compared to other small hummingbirds, which often have a slender appearance, the bee hummingbird looks rounded and plump.

Female bee hummingbirds are bluish green with a pale gray underside. The tips of their tail feathers have white spots. During the mating season, males have a reddish to pink head, chin, and throat. The female lays only two eggs at a time, each about the size of a coffie bean.

The brilliant, iridescent colors of the bee hummingbird’s feathers make the bird seem like a tiny jewel. The iridescence is not always noticeable, but depends on the viewing angle. The bird’s slender, pointed bill is adapted for probing deep into flowers. The bee hummingbird feeds mainly on nectar, and an occasional insect or spider, by moving its tongue rapidly in and out of its mouth. In the process of feeding, the bird picks up pollen on its bill and head. When it flies from flower to flower, it transfers the pollen. In this way, it plays an important role in plant reproduction. In one day, the bee hummingbird may visit 1,500 flowers.

WHAT DOES IT EAT?

The bee hummingbird has been reported to visit 10 plant species; nine of them were found to be endemic to Cuba. These flowers include hamelia patens (Rubiaceae), chrysobalanus icaco (Chrysobalanaceae), Pavonia paludicola (Malvaceae), Forsteronia corymbosa(Apocynaceae), lysiloma latisiliquum (Mimosaceae), turnera ulmifolia (Passifloraceae),antigonon leptopus (Polygonaceae), Clerodendrum aculeatum (Verbenaceae), Tournefortia hirsutissima (Boraginaceae), and Cissus obovata (Vitaceae).

SOME AMAZING ANIMALS OF EARTH

BIGGEST ANIMAL IN THE WORLD, BLUE WHALE






The blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) is a marine mammal belonging to the suborder of baleen whales. At 30 metres (98 ft) in length and 180 metric tons (200 short tons) or more in weight, it is the largest known animal to have ever existed. The Blue Whale’s tongue weighs around 2.7 metric tons (5,952 pounds), about the size of an average Asian Elephant and its heart weighs about 600 kg (1,300 lb) and is the largest known in any animal. Not only is the heart similar size to a mini-cooper car but also comparable in weight.

The Blue Whale is thought to feed almost exclusively on small, shrimp-like creatures called Krill. During the summer feeding season the Blue Whale gorges itself, consuming an astounding 3.6 metric tons (7,900 pounds) or more each day. This means it may eat up to 40 million krill a day with a daily calorie requirement of an adult Blue Whale in the region of 1.5 million.

HEAVIEST LAND ANIMAL, AFRICAN BUSH ELEPHANTS

The African Bush Elephant is the largest living terrestrial (land) animal, with males reaching 6 to 7.5 metres (19.7 to 24.6 ft) in length, 3.3 metres (10.8 ft) in height at the shoulder, and weighing 6 t (13,000 lb). Females are much smaller, reaching 5.4 to 6.9 metres (17.7 to 22.6 ft) in length, 2.7 metres (8.9 ft) in height at the shoulder, and weighing 3 t (6,600 lb). The adult African bush elephant generally has no natural predators due to its great size, but the calves (especially the newborn) are vulnerable to lion and crocodile attacks, and (rarely) to leopard and hyena attacks.

 

TALLEST LAND ANIMALS, GIRAFFE

The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal and the tallest living terrestrial animal in the world. It stands 5–6 m (16–20 ft) tall and has an average weight of 1,600 kg (3,500 lb) for males and 830 kg (1,800 lb) for females. The giraffe has an extremely elongated neck, which can be over 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in length, accounting for nearly half of the animal’s vertical height. The long neck results from a disproportionate lengthening of the cervical vertebrae, not from the addition of more vertebrae.

WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN ANT BITES




What is an ant bite?

An ant bite occurs when an ant bites using their mandibles and mouth to pinch human skin. Bite differs from sting: ants sting with their stinger, the caudal-most part of their bodies. Fire ants grasp the skin (bite) then inject venom with their stinger (which is immediately painful). Other species of ants neither bite nor sting, but instead spray formic acid.

Who gets an ant bite?

Anyone in contact with ants is at risk of ant bites or stings, particularly if they are in an area where ants build their nests. Ant nests are in form of several mounds with varied diameter, sometimes reaching more than 0.5 metre and several centimetres high.

Ants tend to be more numerous in areas with:

  • Compact soil
  • Bare ground
  • Little ground cover
  • Few large trees

More about ants

Ants belong to Hymenoptera insect order, under the family of Formicidae. The order of Hymenoptera includes bees and wasps.

There are more than 12,000 species of ants. Although they can nearly all bite or sting, few cause significant local and/or systemic reaction in humans. Most ants are too small to effectively bite humans, and their sting is mild. However, the sting from harvester ants and fire ants can cause unpleasant symptoms and may lead to allergic reactions.

 

Allergic reactions to ant bite

Generally, allergic reactions to Hymenoptera bites are milder than to stings. Allergic reactions to Hymenoptera are classified into 4 categories:

  • local reaction
  • large local reaction
  • mild systemic reaction
  • severe systemic reaction

local reaction

Local reaction is the most common reaction to the venom injected by ants. It consists of localised pain, itch, redness, swelling and induration. The swelling usually less than 5 cm in diameter, and is sometimes urticarial (whealing). Local reaction lasts for less than 24 hours.

large local reaction

A large local reaction (pain, erythema, blisters, swelling and itch) involves larger areas of skin (5 to 10 cm) in proximity with the bite/sting. In most cases, the severity peaks in 1 to 2 days, and it takes 7 to 10 days to resolve.

Mild systemic reaction

Mild systemic reaction involves skin and/or gastrointestinal system and affects less than 1% of ant bites/stings (0,4 – 0,8%). Skin manifestations include itch and redness in areas distant from the bite/sting in more generalised distribution. Gastrointestinal system symptoms may consist of mild nausea, diarrhoea, and/or cramping.

Severe systemic reaction

A severe systemic response to ant venom is marked by clinical manifestations in 2 organ systems distant from the bite/sting, such as angioedema (especially of larynx), flushing, hoarseness, wheezing/bronchospasm, chest pain, hypotension, dizziness, severe abdominal pain, profuse vomiting, or uterine cramping.

 

WHAT DOES A FLY DO WHEN IT SITS ON YOU





Flies are everywhere, and they land on everything. We have become used to their bothersomeness and pass them off as a minor annoyance. However, they are much more dangerous than we give them credit for.

Following are the things that flies do when they sit on you:

Flies commonly carry over 200 different forms of hazardous bacteria on their bodies.

Many restaurant patrons may not be aware that houseflies are twice as filthy as cockroaches,” Orkin entomologist and Technical Services Director Ron Harrison, Ph.D., said in an e-mailed statement announcing the results of the survey. “It is important that everyone understands the magnitude of the health threats flies pose so that he or she can help prevent the transmission of dangerous diseases and bacteria.

But how exactly do flies carry this bacteria?

Most of us have the general idea that flies throw up on our food. This is true to a point. Flies cannot chew food, so they eject digestive enzymes onto what they want to eat. When everything is nice and soft, they then slurp it up.

The legs and body of the fly are covered with tiny little hairs. It is these hairs that transport the diseases.

“They only need to touch your food for a second for their legs or the tiny hairs all over their bodies to transfer germs from all those nasty things they eat onto what you are eating. And since flies can transfer serious, contagious diseases like cholera, dysentery, and typhoid, it is probably best if you avoid eating things that a fly lands on.”

Once one thinks about it, this totally makes sense. Take a second to think about what flies like to land on. Dead things, poop, rotting food, dumpsters.

So next time you see a fly about the house, kill it quick. You might be preventing your family from getting sick

BENEFITS OF GRASS

  1. Air quality  

Turfgrass is a living organism. Each plant takes in carbon dioxide and converts it into simple sugars to use as food through the process of photosynthesis. As a byproduct of photosynthesis, oxygen is released into the atmosphere.

A turfgrass area measuring 2,500 square feet produces enough oxygen for a family of four to breathe. An average sized healthy lawn can capture as much as 300 pounds of carbon per year and a golf course fairway can capture 1,500 pounds per year. One soccer field can offset the carbon produced by a car driving 3,000 miles.

 

  1. Pollution filter

In 2013, an EPA Chesapeake Bay Program panel of experts concluded, based upon a review of extensive research, that a “dense vegetative cover of turfgrass” reduces pollution and runoff. More precisely, the average soccer field can absorb 50,000 gallons of water before runoff occurs. The fibrous root system stabilizes soil to reduce erosion and prevents the movement of sediment into creeks and rivers.

  1. Stormwater management

Landscaped areas reduce pollutants from leaching through the soil into the water supply or from entering surface water runoff. Turfgrasses filter stormwater excess and reduce sediment and pollutants from entering water bodies. Turfgrass plants also redirect the flow of water, slowing it and allowing more water to be absorbed by the soil, which aids in preventing soil erosion and flooding.

 

  1. Heat

The overall environmental cooling effect of turfgrass can be understood by comparing it to air conditioning. The average home has an air conditioner with a three or four ton capacity. The California Energy Commission has found the cooling effect of an average size lawn is equal to about nine tons of air conditioning. A single high school baseball field provides up to 70 tons of air conditioning. This cooling effect is beneficial for athletes and for reducing electrical needs for buildings and homes.

  1. Wellness and stress

Green spaces have been shown to improve wellness and reduce stress. There is growing evidence that horticulture and natural grass found on sports fields and lawns is important on a human level. Plants lower blood pressure, reduce muscle tension related to stress, improve attention and reduce feelings of fear and anger or aggression.

 

In 2002, The University of California – Riverside conducted research to support that hospital stays are positively affected by turfgrass and green spaces. Patients in hospital rooms with a view of nature and lawns recover more quickly than similar patients in rooms with a view of building walls.